Winter can play havoc with our joints and many Arthritis sufferers will tell you that their joint pain is heightened during the colder months. The joints in the knees, hips, toes, shoulders, fingers, wrists and elbows are all examples of synovial joints.
A synovial joint is the connection between two or more moveable bones, whose end surfaces are covered with cartilage (mostly articulate cartilage), ligaments, a thin synovial membrane, and synovial fluid that helps to cushion and lubricate the joint and stops the bones rubbing together.
A healthy joint allows us to bend, walk, run, play and do all those physical things that we want to do. A damaged joint may result in some form of movement restriction, inflammation and pain. Some people may suffer from joint pain due to an accident or injury to the area, being overweight, which can put extra pressure on the joints or due to a disease called Arthritis.
The two common forms that you may be familiar with are Osteoarthritis and Rheumatoid Arthritis. Both diseases result in a deterioration of cartilage, synovial fluid and surrounding tissues. The intake of certain nutrients may help to ensure that the joint structures remain in optimal condition.
Collagen Type 2 is a particular type of collagen that makes up 50% of all protein in cartilage and 85-90% of collagen in articular cartilage. As we age, the body’s ability to make Collagen Type 2 slows down. The decrease in collagen production during the aging process often results in degradation of joint strength and health. This degradation is thought to be the reason that 1 out of every 3 New Zealanders over the age of 60 suffers from Osteoarthritis.